When I first started working in live sound I wasn’t mixing, I was just helping set up all of the equipment and patch the stage. I was brand new at this and working as an unpaid intern.
I’d assist a co-worker on what was essentially a one-man gig just to gain experience. Part of my job would be to help him load the truck with all of the gear we needed for the gig. Because I had a firm grasp on signal flow, it allowed me to picture the entire system and all the individual parts in my head. In doing so, I was able to be extremely thorough, making sure we had everything we needed to do the job.
Most of the time I worked with the same person doing small local bands. He’d show up at the shop and we’d load the truck and then drive off to the venue some 30 - 45 minutes away. Inevitably we’d be setting up and my co-worker would realize he forgot this or that.
As he’d start to panic over forgetting an important...
Goals are great. It’s good to have something to work towards. But sometimes goals can seem formidable.
What do you do when your goals seem too big or too difficult to achieve? You break them down into smaller parts. You work at it one small step at a time, baby steps if you will.
Start with your goal in mind and ask yourself, ‘self, what is the first step I can take towards this goal?’ If that step seems too daunting, ask yourself if you can break it down even smaller. Often times we put aside our goals because they just seem too big and just unattainable. But every goal was achieved by taking the first small step and then the next, and the next.
I recently visited the Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC. Being the science geek that I am, I love all things space and physics related. When you think about how we were able to send men to the moon back in the 1960s, that was a HUGE goal. It didn’t...
I've been getting these questions a LOT lately- “How can I as a man support women in audio?” “What can we do to make the historically male dominated world of audio/music production more inclusive to women?” “How do we get more women in audio and tech?”
The short answer is HIRE THEM! I should note that these questions have come from men in the business who truly wish to see the industry become more inclusive and balanced.
Here are some simple ways men can support women in audio and other male dominated fields.
1- Treat the women you work with, with the same respect you treat the men you work with. Women are not asking for special treatment, they just want to be acknowledged as equals.
2- When someone asks you a question that should be answered by a female colleague, rather than you answering the question, direct that person to your colleague.
Example: The system engineer is a woman and you are the monitor tech but the local crew...
Your ears are the most important tool you have as a sound engineer, producer, or musician. And the best thing about them is they are FREE! They don’t require any software, measuring microphones, or computers. They are with you wherever you go.
I’m not saying that computer based tools and other measurement devices are not worthwhile, but they are just tools and should only be used as such. The problem comes when you start relying on those tools to tell you how things sound. After a while you just stop using your ears or simply forget to ‘listen’.
When I was very young I learned how to play piano by ear. I was actually pretty good at it until I started taking piano lessons. Once I learned how to read music somehow my ability to pick things up by ear got lost. It seemed much easier to get the sheet music for whatever song I wanted to learn rather than spend the time plunking away at the keyboard to...
I talk a lot about getting great sounds from the source. This includes balancing keyboard patches and playback tracks.
When you’ve got a keyboard player with a variety of keyboards, synths, and rack full of sounds it’s very important to work to get not only the levels but the tones balanced.
It’s equally important with playback tracks or stems that can come in many different configurations and from many different sources.
I’ll start with keyboards.
There can sometimes be a big difference in what the keyboard player hears coming from their rig in IEMs and wedges, versus how it translates through the PA. For example, they could be compensating with extra high end to cut through their monitor mix while that extra high end is far too much for the FOH mix.
This becomes a problem when you've got for example; a string patch where the high end is screaming and an organ patch that is too muddy and needs more highs.
The ideal thing to...
So you want to get started in live sound and you are wondering where you can get some experience or a job? How and where do you do that?
How much do you know?
If you have only very basic or no knowledge, you’ll want to choose carefully. Equally important as what you learn is who you learn from. Studying under the wing of someone who is well respected and has a professional attitude will get you further than the local sound tech who is known for being miserable and doing shoddy work.
If you have zero knowledge and are looking to get some education in audio and music production there are many options, ranging from basic courses to full-blown university degrees.
No matter which route you choose, it’s important to understand how this business works. The reality is you are not going to graduate from one of the many technical schools and be immediately hired by Taylor Swift to mix her next tour.
Degree or not, you need to gain some real-world...
1. Know the frequencies. In order to eliminate feedback you must be able to identify the frequency feeding back.
2. Use proper speaker placement. Keep the mic line upstage of the PA Speakers.
3. Ring out the vocal microphones in the PA.
4. Start with good sounds at the source.
5. Use the right microphone. Pick the right type of mic and pickup pattern for your needs.
6. Use proper mic placement. Close mic’ing is the preferred method in live sound.
7. Understand and implement proper gain structure of your inputs.
8. Use subtractive EQ rather than additive.
9.Understand signal flow to avoid unwanted mechanical feedback.
For a more in depth explanation on any of these download the FREE ebook ‘7 Things Every Live Sound Engineer Should Know’ .
There is such a huge disparity between digital surfaces and systems from one console to another- it can be overwhelming to know where to start on a board you haven’t used before.
This is why having a thorough knowledge of signal flow is so important. It allows you to walk up to any console, take a moment to get your bearings- here’s my input gain, here’s my channel EQ, etc. and quickly get to work.
When you own the console or are responsible for it, you should dive deep into the manual or online tutorial and learn it so you can work efficiently. If you are just walking in and mixing on a console du-jour, there should be an audio tech who is well versed in the software platform, menus, and filing system of that console.
Now, I said ‘should’. For any of you who’ve worked in live sound for more than a year, you all know that what ‘should’ be and what ‘is’ are two very different things. So with that in mind, I...
Input Lists and Stage Plots
When doing live shows, there are two things that can make setting up and patching the stage go smoothly and efficiently. They are an input list and stage plot.
An input list is essentially a list of inputs and the corresponding channels in the snake or console that they are patched into. The most basic contain the snake channel, input and possibly a microphone or DI preference. More advanced input lists can include sub snake channels, color coding, location of the input on stage, mic stand preference, and any other relevant info.
BASIC INPUT LIST
ADVANCED INPUT LIST
Everything that is patched into the snake and/or console is an input. This includes all microphones, DIs, any devices for playback, as well as other audio source. As the size and the scope of the show increases, so will the information on the input...
Gain structure generally refers to setting proper input gain to achieve the best signal to noise ratio. Optimum gain is not just turning it up until it’s in the red as a lighting guy once told me! Hmmm.
Gain staging occurs at many places in the sound system- between the soundboard, signal processing, amplifiers, inside the soundboard itself, and from the various sources coming from the stage. The level coming into each piece of gear should be the same going out and the next device in the signal path should also be seeing the same level.
This is called ‘Unity Gain’. For example; if the output meter on your soundboard is showing 0dB (nominal) and the next device in the signal path is the system crossover, it should be seeing 0dB at the input and the signal leaving it should initially be 0dB, and so on down the line.
While some devices are used specifically to increase or decrease gain, and you may make adjustments to output levels to suit your needs, if you...